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Tokugawa Shogunate (1603 to 1867)
Japan's third warrior government, established by Tokugawa Ieyasu when he was awarded the hereditary title of shogun in 1603 by the Emperor, following his military victory over rival warrior families at the Battle of Sekigahara (1600).
Overthrow of Japan's Tokugawa shogunate (see Tokugawa period) and restoration of direct imperial rule (through the Meiji emperor) in 1868.
Japan-World Politics Since 1945
In 1945 Japan was prostrate, its military power annihilated and its national symbol, the emperor, nullified. Many of its cities had been devastated, some 10-15 million were unemployed, and it was occupied and ruled by the United States
Japan is an island nation in NE Asia containing four large islands - Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku - which make up more than 98% of its land. Thousands of small islands, including the Ryukyu island chain, form the rest of the country.
With the formal surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, supreme authority passed into the hands of Gen. Douglas MacArthur as supreme commander for the Allied powers (SCAP). Though aided by an Allied control council and subject to the general directions of the 11-nation Far Eastern Commission with headquarters in Washington, D.C., MacArthur pursued an independent policy.