This article examines the development of Mexican art after the Mexican Revolution. This text identifies and investigates historical figures, vanguard art movements and artists who have contributed to the development of Mexican art in general and Mexican Muralism in particular. By considering how the Mexican civil war enabled the convergence of interests of both the state and artists and examining developments in vanguard Mexican art of the twentieth century, the author invites rethinking about whether mural painting was or was not official or state art.
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During his first voyage, Columbus established a colony on an island he dubbed ‘Hispaniola’, an island that was to become the home of present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Soon afterwards the Spaniards set up their first vice-royalties, the principal administrative centres of colonial power, in Mexico and Peru.