Ideological, political, and economic tensions from 1945 to 1989 between the USSR and Eastern Europe on the one hand and the USA and Western Europe on the other. The Cold War was fuelled by propaganda, undercover activity by intelligence agencies, and economic sanctions;
On November 11, 1958, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev declared the 1944 London Protocol invalid. The Western powers of France, Great Britain, and the United States had forfeited their rights to stay in West Berlin, he said, and the latter should become an “independent political unit,
Following the defeat of Germany, Berlin was administered jointly by Britain, the USA, France, and the USSR. In June 1948 the USSR withdrew from the combined board and blockaded the city. This document is a cabinet paper incorporating a report from General Robertson to the chiefs of staff, which summarizes the progress of the Berlin airlift.
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