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Civil Society : The Roots and Process of Political Action
Democratic governance in the modern world presumes regular elections in which the rights of citizenship include, in principle, equal participation and collective influence over the composition of government. For individuals, “casting a ballot is, by far, the most common act of citizenship in any democracy” (Verba, Scholzman, and Brady, 1995:23). The right to vote also provides the foundation for other political and social rights of individuals and groups.
Democratic Party Topic Page
When political alignments first emerged in George Washington's administration, opposing factions were led by Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.
The electoral college is composed of electors selected by the states of the United States to cast the votes that elect the President of the United States.
Political Party Topic Page
Association of like-minded people organized with the purpose of seeking and exercising political power. A party can be distinguished from an interest or pressure group, which seeks to influence governments rather than aspire to office, although some pressure groups, such as the Green movement, have over time transformed themselves into political parties.
Republican Party Topic Page
The name was first used by Thomas Jefferson's party, later called the Democratic Republican party or, simply, the Democratic party. The name reappeared in the 1850s, when the present-day Republican party was founded.
A term limit is a statutory or constitutional restriction on the number of terms that an individual is allowed to hold a particular elected office.
Commission on Presidential Debates
The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) was established in 1987 to ensure that debates, as a permanent part of every general election, provide the best possible information to viewers and listeners. Its primary purpose is to sponsor and produce debates for the United States presidential and vice presidential candidates and to undertake research and educational activities relating to the debates.
Federal Election Commission (FEC)
Homepage for the Federal Commission that administers and enforces the Federal Election Campaign Act
Living Room Candidate: Presidential Campaign Commercials, 1952-2008
The Living Room Candidate: Presidential Campaign Commercials 1952-2008 is an online exhibition presenting more than 300 television commercials from every election year since 1952, when the first campaign TV ads aired.
MapLight is a nonpartisan research organization that reveals money’s influence on politics in the U.S. Congress and in the California and Wisconsin state legislatures. We provide journalists and citizens with transparency tools that connect data on campaign contributions, politicians, legislative votes, industries, companies, and more to show patterns of influence never before possible to see. These tools allow users to gain unique insights into how campaign contributions affect policy so they can draw their own conclusions about how money influences our political system.
From The Center for Responsive Politics, "a non-partisan, non-profit research group... that tracks money in politics, and its effect on elections and public policy.' The site provides information from the Federal Election Commission about campaign contributions to Congress, to the political parties and the presidential campaigns.
Project Vote Smart
Non-partisan information on U.S. federal and state candidates, ballot measures, issues and legislation as well as information on campaign finances, issue positions, performance evaluations, & voting records
U.S. Electoral College -- (National Archives & Records Administration)
Includes historical election results, voting resources, who the electors are and how they voted and other voting resources.
Originally developed in the 1970s, direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines have become increasingly used nationwide. After the 2000 US presidential election's troubles with "pregnant” and "hanging” chads and the subsequent passage of the 2002 Help America Vote Act which swelled use of DREs, electronic voting technology became widely debated.