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Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide
Founded in 2002, Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide is a scholarly, refereed e-journal devoted to the study of nineteenth-century painting, sculpture, graphic arts, photography, architecture, and decorative arts across the globe.
Early 19th Century Artists
John James Audubon (1785 - 1851): Topic Page
Painter and naturalist, born in Les Cayes, Haiti. In 1803 he moved to his father’s estate near Philadelphia, where he spent his time hunting.
Richard Bonington (1801 - 1828): Topic Page
Richard Parkes Bonington was born in Arnold near Nottingham, where his father was a drawing master. In 1817 the family moved to Calais, France, where Richard's father set up a lace factory.
John Constable (1776 - 1837): Topic Page
Constable is considered one of the two greatest masters of landscape painting in Britain, the other being J.M.W. Turner (1775 - 1851).
Jacques-Louis David (1748 - 1825): Topic Page
French painter. Born in Paris, he trained initially in the studio of a successful painter, finishing his education at the French Academy in Rome. On his return to France, he emerged as a leading exponent of Neoclassicism.
Eugène Delacroix (1798 - 1863): Topic Page
The greatest French painter of the first half of the 19th century, Eugène Delacroix is generally considered to have been the leader of the Romantic school—opposed to the Neoclassicism of Ingres.
Caspar David Friedrich (1774 - 1840): Topic Page
Caspar David Friedrich was the leading landscape painter in Germany during the Romantic era. His views of the desolate coastlands of his native Pomerania and of the mountainous regions of central Europe combine a careful observation of natural features with a deep sense of the spiritual.
Jean Géricault (1791 - 1824): Topic Page
French painter and graphic artist. One of the main figures of the Romantic movement, he brought a new energy and emotional intensity to painting.
Goya (1746 - 1828): Topic Page
1746–1828, Spanish painter and graphic artist. Goya is generally conceded to be the greatest painter of his era.
Jean Ingres (1780 - 1867): Topic Page
French painter and leader of the French classical school who is remembered for his historical and mythological works.
Jean Millet (1814 - 1875): Topic Page
French artist. A leading member of the Barbizon School, he painted scenes of peasant life and landscapes.
Johann Overbeck (1789 - 1869): Topic Page
Johann Friedrich Overbeck was a German painter and draftsman born in Lübeck. He studied at the Vienna Academy (1806 - 9), but preferred to frequent the circle around Eberhard Wächter.
Franz Pforr (1788 - 1812)
From Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era, 1760-1850
Franz Pforr was one of the two founding members of the German artistic community of the Romantic period that called itself the Brotherhood of Saint Luke (Lucas Brotherhood) and was later termed the Nazarenes.
Late 19th Century Artists
Paul Cézanne (1839 - 1906): Topic Page
Paul Cézanne persevered throughout a career of failure and neglect to become recognized as one of the most profoundly original painters of the modern period.
Maurice Denis (1870 - 1943): Topic Page
The French artist and art theoriest Maurice Denis was a founder member of the group of painters known as the Nabis.
Claude Monet (1840 - 1926): Topic Page
French landscape painter; the leading exponent of impressionism. His interest in the effect of light on colour led him to paint series of pictures of the same subject at different times of day.
Gustave Moreau (1826 - 1898): Topic Page
French painter. An influential figure in the move away from Realist attitudes that occurred in the 1880s, and showed himself sympathetic to originality, as a teacher at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
William Morris (1834 - 1896): Topic Page
Poet, designer of textiles and wallpaper, successful businessman, father (often so-called) of the Arts and Crafts movement.
Edvard Munch (1863 - 1944): Topic Page
Norwegian painter and graphic artist. Visually examined such primal themes as birth, death, thwarted love, sex, fear, and anxiety.
Georges Seurat (1859 - 1891): Topic Page
French artist. One of the major post-Impressionists, he originated, with Paul Signac, the technique of pointillism (painting with small dabs rather than long brushstrokes).
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec (1864 - 1901): Topic Page
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker, and poster artist.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853 - 1890): Topic Page
One of the pioneers of Expressionism, he used colour primarily for its emotive appeal, and profoundly influenced the Fauves and other experimenters of 20th Century art.
James Whistler (1834 - 1903): Topic Page
American painter whose subtle coloring and tonal harmony were influenced by musical aesthetics and Japanese art. His works include a portrait of his mother, entitled Arrangement in Grey and Black.