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This program examines the structure of this empire, from the family to religion and bureaucracy. The role of the powerful doshan, young Christian peasant boys who were abducted and educated to serve the sultan, is also discussed, along with the role of women. Maps and scholarly commentary portray an empire that at its zenith was an infallible military power dedicated to the spread of Islam, but which also tolerated a diverse population and many creeds within its boundaries.
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Balkan Wars, 1912-1913
1912–13, two short wars, fought for the possession of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire. The outbreak of the Italo-Turkish War for the possession of Tripoli (1911) encouraged the Balkan states to increase their territory at Turkish expense. Serbia and Bulgaria accordingly concluded (1912), with the aid of Russian secret diplomacy, a treaty of alliance.
Collapse of the Ottoman Empire
Although the Ottoman empire did not collapse until the formal partition of its Middle Eastern territories by France and Great Britain in 1923, the seeds of its dissolution were planted much earlier in the period leading up to the Second Constitutional Era in 1908.
Muslim empire of the Turks from 1300 to 1920, the successor of the Seljuk Empire. It was founded by Osman I and reached its height with Suleiman in the 16th century. From 1453 its capital city was Istamboul (Istanbul; formerly Constantinople).
Ottoman Empire - Columbia Encyclopedia
Vast state founded in the late 13th cent. by Turkish tribes in Anatolia and ruled by the descendants of Osman I until its dissolution in 1918. Modern Turkey formed only part of the empire, but the terms "Turkey" and "Ottoman Empire" were often used interchangeably.
Ottoman Empire- Encyclopedia of Nationalism
Originally founded ca. 1300, the Ottoman state expanded rapidly and came to rule territories spreading over virtually all of the Middle East west of Iran, the Balkans, and parts of Central Europe and the Caucasus. From their palace in Istanbul (the Ottoman capital after its conquest in 1453), the Ottoman sultans ruled over a populace notable for its diversity of languages, customs, and religions.
Ottoman Empire from Encyclopedia of Empire
The Ottoman Empire was one of the world's longest enduring empires, ruling over three continents for more than six centuries from the late medieval era to the early 20th century. What we know as the Middle East today was almost entirely ruled by the Ottoman Empire until the creation of a nation-state system in the region in the aftermath of World War I.
The Ottoman Empire also historically referred to as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was a state founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in north-western Anatolia in 1299. Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Michigan.
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