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Geoffrey of Monmouth (1100-1154)
Twelfth-century chronicler and a central figure in Arthurian tradition,
Traditional narratives and motifs, attitudes, and beliefs associated with Arthur, his court, and his followers. The legend of Arthur was one of the most productive themes of medieval literature in Western Europe.
The Arthurian legends are stories about the character of King Arthur. They form an important part of Britain's national mythology. Arthur may be based on a real person from history, possibly a Celtic warlord of the late 400s ce.
The Middle Ages witnessed the flowering of one of the most important predecessors of the modern short story, the romance. By the late Middle Ages, this genre had become an extremely popular literary form. During the genre’s inception in the eleventh century, the term “romance” referred exclusively to a composition written in French—a “Romance” language. During the literary history of the Middle Ages, however, the term came to denote a fictional narrative of a particular type: The romance is an adventure story focusing upon the experiences of love, honor, terror, and adoration.
The Early Middle Ages
The early Middle Ages (for the purposes of this discussion from 476 to c.1050) represent a time of transition and readjustment from the declining Roman, classical era to a culture that more and more clearly defined itself as a new age in the West (medieval scholars considered themselves modern men).