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Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States.

Emancipation Proclamation

View the remainder of the original Emancipation Proclamation at the National Archives.

General Order No. 3

On June 19, 1865 Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas with General Order No. 3, which informed the people that all enslaved persons were free. View the rest of the original of General Order No. 3 at the National Archives.

Other Primary Sources

View historic photographs of Juneteenth celebrations at the Houston Public Library Digital Archives.

Listen to Voices Remembering Slavery: Freed People Tell Their Stories from the Library of Congress.

Visualizing Emancipation is a map of slavery's end in the United States.