While most people believe that the movement to secure voluntary reproductive control for women centered solely on abortion rights, for many women abortion was not the only, or even primary, focus. Jennifer Nelson tells the story of the feminist struggle for legal abortion and reproductive rights in the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s through the particular contributions of women of color. She explores the relationship between second-wave feminists, who were concerned with a woman's right to choose, Black and Puerto Rican Nationalists, who were concerned that Black and Puerto Rican women have as many children as possible "for the revolution," and women of color themselves, who negotiated between them. Contrary to popular belief, Nelson shows that women of color were able to successfully remake the mainstream women's liberation and abortion rights movements by appropriating select aspects of Black Nationalist politics--including addressing sterilization abuse, access to affordable childcare and healthcare, and ways to raise children out of poverty--for feminist discourse.
An indispensable reference guide for scholars and students interested in the arguments concerning the claims of whether, when, and how children are, or are not, to be conceived in the contemporary United States. Reproductive rights refers to a range of claims concerning whether, when and how to have children. Beneath this clear statement lays the most contentious political, legal, and cultural issue in America today. Involving the self, the family, and the State, women's reproductive rights generates much impassioned argument but painfully little agreement. Topics and authors take on diverse and often clashing positions, highlighting this issue's complex and highly charged nature. Arranged alphabetically by topic, articles representing racial and ethnic groups' experiences figure prominently, as do the effects of age, class, education, health, religion, and sexual preference on childbearing and -rearing practices, in and out of wedlock. It also includes articles on laws, court cases, political attitudes, prominent activists, and technological advances as they relate to reproductive rights.; Entries are written by highly regarded scholars, are cross-referenced, and conclude with suggested further readings. Designed to introduce and inform the reader to this extremely difficult topic, Baer's ecumenical approach exposes us to a variety of opinions from support for current abortion policies to the building movement for fetal rights. Only reasoned opinions supported by hard evidence are included, and no attempt was made to mute the often incommensurable opinions expressed within. This book will be a valuable resources for students, scholars, and any person interested in learning about the multiplicity of perspectives on this important issue that is at the heart of our current culture wars.
"Abortion remains the most contested political issue in American life. Poll results have remained surprisingly constant over the years, with roughly equal numbers supporting and opposing it. A common perception is that abortion is contrary to Christian teaching and values. While some have challenged that perception, few have attempted a comprehensive critique and constructive counterargument on Christian ethical and theological grounds. Margaret Kamitsuka begins with a careful examination of the church's biblical and historical record, refuting the assumption that Christianity has always condemned abortion or that it considered personhood as beginning at the moment of conception. She then offers carefully crafted ethical arguments about the pregnant woman's authority to make reproductive decisions and builds a theological rationale for seeing abortion as something other than a sin"-- Provided by publisher.
This book is a compilation of CRS reports on abortion in the United States. The first chapter discusses the way legislation seeking to limit/ban abortions in midpregnancy has brought to attention the number of women choosing to have such procedures. The second report focuses on April 2018 in Mississippi, when the enforcement of a law prohibiting abortion on fetuses with a gestational age of more than 15 weeks was halted by a federal court. This prohibition is of particular interest to congress because of the early gestational age. The third chapter discusses those policies which restrict the United States funding of abortion and family planning activities abroad, which has become a significant issue in foreign assistance. Later, the court's rulings since Roe and Doe are examined in the fourth chapter in the context of the governmental actions designed to nullify or limit their effect(s). In the fifth report, the authors discuss recently renewed questions concerning to what extent the government may impose abortion restrictions on aliens. The concluding chapter aims to address whether the constitutional right to abortion applies to an unaccompanied alien minor who is apprehended at the border.
Women from remarkably diverse religious, social, and political backgrounds made up the rank-and-file of anti-abortion activism. Empowered by--yet in many cases scared of--the changes wrought by feminism, they founded grassroots groups, developed now-familiar strategies and tactics, and gave voice to the movement's moral and political dimensions. Drawing on oral histories and interviews with prominent figures, Karissa Haugeberg examines American women 's fight against abortion. Beginning in the 1960s, she looks at Marjory Mecklenburg's attempt to shift the attention of anti-abortion leaders from the rights of fetuses to the needs of pregnant women. Moving forward she traces the grassroots work of Catholic women, including Juli Loesch and Joan Andrews, and their encounters with the influx of evangelicals into the movement. She also looks at the activism of evangelical Protestant Shelley Shannon, a prominent pro-life extremist of the 1990s. Throughout, Haugeberg explores important questions such as the ways people fused religious conviction with partisan politics, activists' rationalizations for lethal violence, and how women claimed space within an unshakably patriarchal movement.
Considers unplanned pregnancy options, and how they relate to a number of ethical concerns and legal safeguards internationally and in Australia. What are the 'pro-life' and 'pro-choice' arguments in response to the availability and timing of surgical and non-surgical abortion, the health and circumstances of the expectant mother, fetal abnormalities, status of the fetus, and the conscientious objections of medical practitioners? Whose rights should prevail? Also includes: worksheets and activities, fast facts, glossary, web links, index.
Abortion rights address the circumstances under which a woman may obtain a legal abortion in a specific jurisdiction. It is a divisive issue as the rights debate frequently raises ethical and practical discussions in relation to the law, morality, science, medicine, sexuality, autonomy, religion and politics. This book considers the options that are presented with an unplanned pregnancy, and how these options relate to a number of ethical concerns and legal safeguards internationally, and more specifically, in Australia. What are the various ‘pro-life’ and ‘pro-choice’ arguments in response to the availability and timing of surgical and non-surgical abortion, the health and circumstances of the expectant mother, fetal abnormalities, the status of the fetus, and the conscientious objections of medical practitioners? Whose rights should prevail? Also includes: worksheets and activities, fast facts, glossary, web links, index. Titles in the Issues in Society series are individual resource books which provide an overview on a specific subject comprised of facts and opinions. The information in this resource book is not from any single author, publication or organisation. The unique value of the Issues in Society series lies in its diversity of content and perspectives. The content comes from a wide variety of sources and includes: newspaper reports and opinion pieces, website fact sheets, magazine and journal articles, statistics and surveys, government reports, and literature from special interest groups.
"A fascinating book which sets to rest a number of preconceptions on the subject. Easy to read and yet hard-hitting."--Marlette Rebhorn, Austin Community College"Should be an eye-opener to those who think that religious objections were at the root of anti-abortion legislation and equally to those who think that abortion has been a matter of life and death."--Carl N. Degler, Stanford University"A superb example of the way history can inform a current contentious controversy."--Journal of American History"Mohr makes it abundantly clear that Supreme Court decisions of the 1970s were not a modern weakening of moral standards but a return to what Americans believed and practiced a hundred years ago."--The Christian Century"An altogether lucid review of American abortion policy in the 19th century."--Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, The New York Times"The history of how abortion came to be banned and how women lost...rights previously thought to be natural and inherent over their own bodies is a fascinating and infuriating one."--Chicago Tribune
” … a compelling review of the societal changes, incidents, and cases that led to the Supreme Court’s historic decision. Readers today will likely be shocked by the conditions that women experienced before 1973: trips to Japan for abortions; the need to lie at every step; even the possibility of forced sterilization. The authors provide commentary and context on an impressive collection of documents, moving chronologically through every stage of abortion reform to create a compilation that will engage anyone with an interest in women’s rights or judicial history.” (Publishers Weekly, June 2012)
An Afterword to this second edition explores the logic of the abortion conflict. It shows how conflict over abortion in the years before Roe helps explain conflict over abortion in the years after Roe. This extended essay, first published in the Yale Law Journal, challenges the conventional wisdom that the Court’s decision in Roe caused backlash and is responsible for the polarized culture wars around abortion today. This widely held view cautions against relying on courts to vindicate minority rights. As the book documents, the conventional view is based on a mistaken account of the ways in which courts have interacted with actors in many civil society institutions—including medicine, religion, social movements, and political parties—in shaping the abortion conflict across the decades.