Study Guide for EDU 525 Final
Timeline knowledge of Special Education
1975 PL 94-142 Education of All Handicapped Children’s Act
Prior to the passage of this law, what was being done for the education of children with special needs? What did Missouri have in place before then?
2004 IDEA (Re-Authorized) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Changed the language of the law, emphasis on individuals first, disabilities rather than handicapped, recognition that disabilities extend beyond childhood, broadened services from 3 through 21.
Important court cases: Brown Vs. Board of Education 1954 (Separate is not equal)
PARC 1972, ruled that all students with intellectual disabilities were entitled to FAPE.
Other additional guarantees of the law:
There are 6!
Zero reject: Schools must serve all students with disabilities, regardless of the nature or severity
Non-discriminatory Evaluation: Schools must provide multi-factored methods of evaluation and in the student’s native language.
FAPE: Free Appropriate public education, regardless of nature or severity
LRE: Students must be educated with their non-disabled peers to the maximum extent possible.
Procedural Safeguards: Schools must follow procedures under the law. Similarly, parents are provided procedural due process is agreement cannot be reached as far as the appropriate goals, best program to meet the needs, and agreement on placement options.
Parent Participation: Collaboration is a requirement. Decisions must be shared. Services without parent permission are not an option.
Speech-Lang impairment= speech disorder or Language disability
Other health Impaired=OHI
ID=Intellectual disability (mild, moderate, severe, profound)
Emotional Disturbed=ED, and is also known as Behavioral Disorder=BD
Autism ( Autism, asbergers, mild, moderate, severe)
Multiple disabilities (served through primary or most limiting disabilities)
Developmental Delay (first label for motor, speech, or intellectual delay)
Hearing Impairment =HI includes deaf
Orthopedic Impairment= OH or OI
Visual Impairment=VI includes blind
Traumatic Brian Injury=TBI