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Educating Exceptional Individuals - EDUC 525 Resource Guide: Study Guide

The study of all components affecting the education of exceptional individuals.

Key Topics for Educating Exceptional Individuals

Study Guide for EDU 525 Final

Timeline knowledge of Special Education

     1975 PL 94-142 Education of All Handicapped Children’s Act

     Prior to the passage of this law, what was being done for the education of children with special needs?    What did Missouri have in place before then?

    2004 IDEA (Re-Authorized)  Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.  Changed the language of the law, emphasis on individuals first, disabilities rather than handicapped, recognition that disabilities extend beyond childhood, broadened services from 3 through 21. 


Important court cases:  Brown Vs. Board of Education 1954 (Separate is not equal)

             PARC 1972, ruled that all students with intellectual disabilities were entitled to FAPE. 

Other additional guarantees of the law:

           There are 6! 

Zero reject:  Schools must serve all students with disabilities, regardless of the nature or severity

 Non-discriminatory Evaluation:  Schools must provide multi-factored methods of evaluation and in the student’s native language. 

 FAPE:  Free Appropriate public education, regardless of nature or severity

 LRE:  Students must be educated with their non-disabled peers to the maximum extent possible. 

Procedural Safeguards:  Schools must follow procedures under the law.  Similarly, parents are provided procedural due process is agreement cannot be reached  as far as the appropriate goals, best program to meet the needs, and agreement on placement options. 

Parent Participation:  Collaboration is a requirement.  Decisions must be shared.  Services without parent permission are not an option. 


Categorical Eligibility

LD=learning disabilities

Speech-Lang impairment= speech disorder or Language disability

Other health Impaired=OHI

ID=Intellectual disability  (mild, moderate, severe, profound)

Emotional Disturbed=ED, and is also known as Behavioral Disorder=BD

Autism  ( Autism, asbergers, mild, moderate, severe)

Multiple disabilities  (served through primary or most limiting disabilities)

Developmental Delay  (first label for motor, speech, or intellectual delay)

Hearing Impairment =HI  includes deaf

Orthopedic Impairment= OH or OI

Visual Impairment=VI includes blind

Traumatic Brian Injury=TBI