Arab Revolt of 1916-1918
Uprising during World War I by the Arab peoples of north, central, and western Arabia against Ottoman rule. Since the 16th century, the Ottoman government in Constantinople had controlled the area of Syria, Palestine, Iraq, the western provinces of Saudi Arabia, and part of Yemen. Much of the region's population of some 6 million was nomadic. In 1908 the Young Turks came to power in Turkey and promoted Turkish nationalism at the expense of other nationalities of the empire, which the Arabs and other peoples resented. The new government also sent troops into Arab lands and introduced conscription, both of which angered the Arabs.